What to see in Kazakhstan for tourists
Kazakhstan – Eastern traditions and Western Art Nouveau intertwined here. The endless southern steppes, majestic mountains and lakes, the cities of the Great Silk Road and the famous Baikonur – all this attracts not many tourists.
Usually, to visit the cultural heritage, tourists travel to the south of the country: mosques, fortresses, mausoleums, ancient burials are concentrated here. In the north and in the central regions are the most popular resorts (Kokshetau, Bayan Aul, etc.). People come here to rest and improve their health. But the symbols of the state, from the view of which are breathtaking, are scattered throughout its territory.
When and how to go
You can come to Kazakhstan at any time of the year – he will always have something to surprise you with. A visa is not needed for Russians if they are going for a period of up to 90 days: a migration card is filled in at the entrance, which must then be handed in upon departure. Up to 30 days in the territory can be left without registration in the OVIR.
You can get to Kazakhstan by plane, private car (the roads are good here) or by train. Tickets are best looked for not only on the Russian Railways website, but also on the Kazakhstan Railways website: epay.railways.kz. On intercity routes, the price can vary 3-4 times. Across Kazakhstan it is the cheapest to fly with a local low-cost airline FlyArystan, for example, tickets Astana – Almaty will cost 6999 KZT (about 1200 rubles).
What to see
The endless steppes, high mountains, the ancient cities of the Great Silk Road, adjacent to modern business centers today – this is not the only thing that attracts tourists to Kazakhstan.
This is the first landfill in the world from which in 1957 the artificial Earth satellite launched by S.P. Korolev was launched into space. And in 1961, Yuri Gagarin flew into space from here on board the Vostok spacecraft.
There are many interesting facts associated with this place:
The team of builders who were involved in its construction thought they were making a stadium. Along with the spaceport, the workers built a village for its testers.
An excavation pit, at a depth of 35 m, was discovered by an ancient campfire, whose age was 10–35 years BC. e. Korolev called it a lucky sign.
The place for the construction was not accidental: they were looking for a vast and sparsely populated area with fresh water and a railway near the equator (there are more than 300 sunny days a year).
Today they come here to visit the International Space School, the Baikonur Cosmodrome Museum, an observation deck for journalists, relatives and wives of astronauts, platform No. 254 (facilities for technical work with satellites are stored here).
BIG ALMATY LAKE
Big Almaty Lake
It is located in the Tien Shan mountains in the south-east of the country at an altitude of 2500 m above sea level. Its depth is 30–40 m. It is forbidden to swim in it, because it provides the city of the same name with drinking water, but it is worth visiting it to admire the beauties. The turquoise expanse of water surrounded by 3 mountain peaks with snowy caps looks very impressive.
You can get here from Almaty by car along the mountain serpentine. The distance is about 25 km. It is interesting that a few kilometers up from the lake is the Cosmostation, where you can rent a house from meteorologists and watch the stars at night.
Mausoleum of Khoji Ahmed Yasawi
Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi
Built in the XIV century, it is a UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Site. It is striking in its architecture (it is known that the emir Timur himself gave recommendations regarding its external and internal design during construction).
It was no coincidence that a place was chosen for him: the poet Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, the head of Sufism, whom the nomads turned to for advice, lived here. Since he believed that he could not live longer than the prophet Muhammad, at 63 he imprisoned himself in a cell underground, where he remained until his death. After 200 years, the complex was built in that place.
In the mausoleum you can see halls for meetings and meetings, a tomb, a mosque, kitchen facilities, guest rooms, an archive, a prayer room, a well, and a tai kazan (this is a prayer water bowl, according to legend, cast from 7 metals).
For the local Muslim population, trips here are equated to visiting Mecca.
There is a memo in Turkestan, you can get to it by bus, train or taxi. Admission is free, opening hours are 9.00–18.00.